Malcolm X was a Muslim minister and Civil Rights leader in the 1960s. He became a minister after his release from prison, where he discovered the Black Muslim faith. With fiery, black-nationalist rhetoric, Malcolm soon rose to prominence within the Nation of Islam. His rise brought him into contact with the leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad, and Malcolm left the faith in 1963. Malcolm traveled to Mecca and returned with a less fiery and more pro-socialist worldview. He was assassinated by a Black Muslim in 1965, but his autobiography helped his fame continue to spread. His teachings helped form the basis for the Black Power movement in the 1960s and 70s.